The American Colonial style of architecture showcases features from the American colonial period including English Colonial, French Colonial, Spanish Colonial, Dutch Colonial, and Georgian. These periodic styles were reflected in homes and buildings constructed between the 1600s and 1900s in the United States.
Most references to this style refer to the “English” colonial period though others are certainly still popular for remodeling and redecorating projects. Homes constructed during this period vary wildly in the smaller details due to regional material availability and labor specialization. Nonetheless, there is a set of architectural features distinct to colonial homes.
The living room, kitchen, dining room, dens are located on the first floor while bedrooms are on the second.
Very symmetrical in design and wider than they are deeper. Colonial homes are typically 3-4 rooms wide and 1 room deep. That’s to say—you’re taking a left or right when you walk in rather than zipping to the back!
Colonial homes have large centrally-located staircases, often banister and rail design, which are prominently displayed near the entryway. This allows easy access to upper and lower floors without traversing through other living areas.
Colonial homes typically have large central fireplaces which were a consideration for heating efficiency during the colonial periods. This centrally-located heat source allowed the maximum number of living spaces to stay warm at any given time.
The wide-open rooms of colonial homes can make them somewhat difficult to heat and cool.